In order for China to be able to achieve its national interests, they are using a number of their instruments of power, one of them being military instruments. This in turn is aiding them in achieving their aims and goals, which are related to the continuing growth of power the state holds.

Military force as a policy instrument has been employed as a strategy by Beijing to reach the states national interests – mainly on the basis of territorial integrity.

China has exercised their military power in a number of ways:
• Testing its military resources and hardware
• Creating and carrying out simulated situations of the invasion of Taiwan
• Openly publicising its military activities
• Openly publicising its purchase of military resources and hardware
• Increasing its military budget and concentrating this money into purchasing militarily resources and hardware
• Implementing joint military exercises and drills with other states
• The actual use of military force
• Deploying and placing troops to face Taiwan across the Strait as well as placing armaments there also
• Threatening Taiwan with a military invasion as it is perceived that they have breached the One China policy

The use of this military power within China has not come without its consequences. Neighboring states and countries, as well as the rest of the world are wary of China's activities and their approaches to tackling and achieving their national interests. The U.S.A has clearly become involved with China's national affairs and have stated that they will intervene if any strike or invasion of Taiwan does take place. They are also obliged to defend Taiwan's side as stated under the TRA. They are continually supporting and calling upon a peaceful resolution between the two divided states - although this outcome is most unlikely, although China has attempted to make peaceful resolutions with Taiwan - as they have reduced the number of missiles aimed at the independently ruled island (Hot Flashes pg. 204-205).