SCHOOL ASSESSED COURSEWORK
Two

This week you will revise Outcome 2 and prepare for SAC 2. Students should be able to analyse and evaluate the nature of conflict in the post Cold War period.

Key knowledge
This knowledge includes
· the causes and nature of armed conflicts in the post Cold War period, including global terrorism;
· the definition of terrorism and terrorist and state and non state terror;
· views of the causes and effects of international terrorism and terrorists;
· the extent of and limitations on the power of the United States as a superpower in relation to other
sources of power;
· the success or failure of state/s or group/s involved in a specific conflict in the post cold war period, including global terrorism.
Key skills
These skills include the ability to
· analyse key points of conflict in the post Cold War world;
· use and explain key concepts in understanding international relations such as `terror', `terrorism', `international law', `superpower', 'neo-imperialism';
· evaluate the extent of success for the State/s or group/s involved in a specific post cold war conflict;
· synthesise evidence to draw conclusions about the nature of conflict in the post Cold War world.

(International Politic, VCE Study Design 2005-1008, VCAA, 2005)

INTERNATIONAL STUDIES - Revision
3.2 Global Conflicts
Key knowledge
The causes and nature of armed conflicts in the post Cold War period, including global terrorism;

End of the Cold War 1989-1991 USSR, Gorbachev glasnost and perestroika , Commonwealth of Independent states

Gulf War 1991 – nationalism, power, greed, oil
Breakup of Yugoslavia 1992-99 Bosnia 1994– ethnic nationalism

Arab Israeli conflict , Intifada, Security fence, withdrawal from Gaza, invasion of Lebanon ongoing conflict caused by establishment of the state of Israel at the end of world war two

9/11, 2001 – Religion, US power, Arab – Israeli conflict
Afghanistan 2002 – Extremist Islamic Fundamentalist State run by the Taliban, supporting Terrorist Organisation al Qaeda

Iraq 2003- weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, bring democracy and peace to the middle east by deposing a brutal dictator.

The definition of terrorism and terrorist and state and non state terror

Terrorism is the use of violence to achieve political goals involving innocent civilian targets

State Terrorism is where nations states or governments use violence against other peoples, their own people, leading to the death and destruction of non combatants to achieve political goals – Idi Amin in Uganda in the 1970’s, Saddam Hussein in Iraq, Burma, PRC in Tibet, Government in Myanmar (Burma)

Views of the causes and effects of international terrorism and terrorists;

One man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter

Invasion of Lebanon and occupation of Gaza causes inspires new terrorists, or punished and deters terrorism

Occupation of Iraq inspires new terrorists, or punished and deters terrorism. Stay till the Iraqi’s can look after their own security

The extent of and limitations on the power of the United States as a superpower in relation to other sources of power;

The US has the power to overrun Iraq, but Iran and North Korea are a different matter.

The US power to secure Iraq and introduce peace and democracy has been limited, as the religious and sectarian divisions and history of violence have produced intractable problems

The success or failure of state/s or group/s involved in a specific conflict in the post cold war period, including global terrorism.

Iraq War and occupation, some success and some ongoing failures, insurgents attacks on occupation forces, sectarian killings and racial conflicts with Kurds. Current situation bordering on civil war, with misgivings growing at home, statements about staying the distance and finishing the job, then with other military leaders suggesting withdrawals next year.

Successes suggested are capturing and trial of Saddam, and many of his team. The adoption of a new constitution, election of a president and parliament and a new government formed.